No compulsory vaccinations are required for any
of the destinations featured on our website. However, disease risks can
strike at any time and you are strongly advised to check with your GP at
least 8 weeks before departure. Below is a table showing the inoculations
currently recommended by the Department of Health. You
will find up to date information from www.fco.gov.uk/travel/
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- Never drink or brush your teeth with tap water. Bottled water is
cheap and safe. It is generally recommended you avoid salads, ice
cubes and shellfish.
- Avoid any food, particularly in buffets, which has been left for
- The popular trend for body piercing and tattooing should be
- Stay away from wild or stray animals - Rabies is a serious hazard.
- Do not go scuba diving 24 hours before your flight. The 'bends'
can be fatal.
- Over exertion in hot climates can be dangerous. Make sure you
drink plenty of non-alcoholic fluids.
- Protect yourself from the sun.
Jet lag affects many
functions of the human body which are regulated by our own internal
clocks and therefore travelling through different time zones is bound to
disrupt that cycle. Long haul flights can therefore induce fatigue,
insomnia and lack of concentration. It can take several days for
normality to return so to reduce these effects:
- Avoid alcohol during the flight and
drink plenty of water. Ask the cabin crew for fresh drinking water
or take a bottle.
- Avoid smoking or over eating.
- Choose a flight which arrives in
the evening so you can sleep at a normal time.
- A nap during the flight can help so
take a neck pillow and ask for a blanket
- On arrival try to adapt to the
local time zone and avoid sleeping until bedtime.
Much has been written in the press
about blood clots linked to cramped seating on long haul flights,
so-called 'Economy Class Syndrome'. Now it appears short-haul passengers
may also be at risk as the condition begins to develop in the first two
hours, according to new research.
Limited leg room and reduced movement
for long periods can cause the circulation to slow down or stop
altogether. While research is still on-going passengers would be wise to
follow a few simple precautions:
- Get up and stretch your legs by
walking around the cabin every hour.
- Drink plenty of water. Dehydration
can trigger the effects by making the blood thick and sticky.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Don't take sleeping pills incase
you stay in one position for too long.
- Remove the victim from the water.
- Rinse the affected area with salt water or don�t rinse it at
all. Do NOT rinse the involved area of skin with fresh water,
because it will further activate nematocysts and worsen the
- Using protective gloves or forceps, remove any tentacles still in
contact with the victim.
- Apply acetic acid (white vinegar) to inactivate any remaining
nematocysts and to decrease the symptoms.
- Use over-the-counter painkillers such as Ibuprofen to
control the pain symptoms. Immobilize the area that was poisoned to
prevent further spread. For example, if a foot was stung, encourage
the victim to keep the area still with as little movement as
- If the victim appears ill, do the following:
- Call for an ambulance
- If the victim begins vomiting, roll the victim onto his or her
side so that the vomit is not breathed in.
UV radiation from the sun causes
sunburn and can lead to skin cancer. Much depends on the strength of the
UV radiation and your natural skin colour. The World health Organisation
has developed a way to advise people about the strength of the sun's
rays and works on a scale of 1 to 20. You will often hear this referred
to on weather forecasts as the 'UV Index'.
According to new research there has
been an alarming rise in the incidents of skin cancer among UK
travellers and it can be directly linked to the fashion for exposing
more of the skin to the sun. In the UK the UV Index is unlikely to get
above 8. However, on a clear day near the Equator it might reach 16. UV
Index levels of 10 are common in Mediterranean countries. Find out more
- For someone with white skin that
tends to burn easily a UV Index reading of just 5
- Certain types if thin cloud can
magnify the sun's radiation levels.
- Don't be fooled by a cool breeze.
- Stay in the shade, especially between 11am and 3pm when the sun's
radiation levels are highest
- Use sun cream factor 15 or above
- Take special care to protect babies and children
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According to a recent UK study
swimming pools abroad can be a source of serious, sometimes fatal health
Microbiologists testing water samples
found stomach-churning evidence of bacterial contamination which exposed
the 'apparent incompetence of most hotels at maintaining effective
levels of water disinfectant in their pools' (Holiday Which?).
The experts have the following advice:
- Murky water makes the disinfectant
less effective. DON'T SWIM
- Debris on the surface or on the
bottom can cause pollution. DON'T SWIM.
- Scummy with dirt and grease around
the sides. DON'T SWIM
- Overcrowded pools may mean the
treatment and filtration cannot cope. DON'T SWIM
- If water's too shallow to lap into
grilles around the edge or in the side walls DON'T SWIM